ABSTRACT

Road accidents and traffic congestion are the major problems in urban areas. Currently there is no technology for accident detection. Also due to the delay in reaching of the ambulance to the accident location and the traffic congestion in between accident location and hospital increases the chances of the death of victim. There is a need of introducing a system to reduce the loss of life due to accidents and the time taken by the ambulance to reach the hospital. To overcome the drawback of existing system we will implement the new system in which there is an automatic detection of accident through sensors provided in the vehicle. A main server unit houses the database of all hospitals in the city. A GPS and GSM module in the concerned vehicle will send the location of the accident to the main server which will rush an ambulance from a nearest hospital to the accident spot. Along with this there would be control of traffic light signals in the path of the ambulance using RF communication. This will minimize the time of ambulance to reach the hospital. A patient monitoring system in the ambulance will send the vital parameters of the patient to the concerned hospital. This system is fully automated, thus it finds the accident spot and helping to reach the hospital in time.



ABSTRACT

Near Field Communication (NFC) is a short range, standard based wireless communication technology that allows two-way interaction between two NFC-enabled devices. This paper explains how the technology can be used to meet the challenges in the healthcare management. This technology is user-friendly and commercially viable and can be easily used by a NFC cards, tags, key chains. Each NFC tag has a unique number which can be used for identification of patients in a hospital. The NFC tag can be used as an electronic health record to store the patient’s medical history, prescriptions and real-time sensor data. The current health monitoring methods to measure the various health parameters are tedious and time consuming. The use of NFC along with wireless sensors intends to help the hospital staff to quickly access and monitor the patient’s health record and health status respectively. The NFC technology provides ways to speed up the processes in hospitals; the doctors equipped with NFC-enabled tablets, computers can view all the information about a patient within seconds, without any issue of data being mixed. NFC provides accuracy and efficiency in healthcare as well as it is economically feasible.



ABSTRACT

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a new evolution in technological advancement taking place in the world today. This paradigm allows physical world objects in our surroundings to be connected to the Internet. This idea comes to life by utilizing two architecture; the Sensing Entity in the environment that collects data and connects itself to the cloud and the Cloud Service that hosts the data from the environment and controls the parameters. The combination of wireless sensor networks and cloud computing is becoming a popular strategy for the IoT era.

IOT has enabled us to connect our day to day devices in a network for a sole purpose to exchange data. With the growing number of 2-wheel motor vehicles, frequency of accidents is on the rise. A major portion of the fatalities occur because the person was both not wearing a helmet, or his accident was not reported in time, and he could not be saved because he was riding while drunk. Today a number of countries has made it mandatory to wear helmet while riding. We propose mechanisms that can detect if one is wearing the helmet, detect accidents, and detect whether the person has over-consumed alcohol. These information is send to the concerned person about the accidents, and detect whether the person has over-consumed alcohol. These information is send to the concerned person about the status of the person who is accessing the vehicle.



ABSTRACT

The main purpose of this paper is to develop a prototype of the Vehicle Black Box System VBBS that can be installed into any vehicle all over the world. This prototype can be designed with minimum number of circuits. The display unit will shows the results of the each sensor network by calculating the individual values from the sensors. The project deals with the accident avoidance and security providence for the both vehicle driver and vehicle. The VBBS can contribute to constructing safer vehicles, improving the treatment of crash victims, helping insurance companies with their vehicle crash investigations, and enhancing road status in order to decrease the death rate.



ABSTRACT

The concept of this project work is to have an automatic speed breaker on time demand according to the requirements. Means when there is no need of the speed breaker on the road, it disappears from the road and the road becomes flat and when there is a need then the speed breaker comes on the road from ground and it starts its working of slowing speed of the vehicles. In implementation of this concept, we use an iron made hemi-cylindrical speed breaker which is capable of rotating itself using control circuitry of embedded systems. So when needed, it comes on road by rotating itself from flat position and when, not needed, it rotates itself again and gets flat and combines with flat road. In the system, real time clock is used to maintain the required time for having the speed breaker on road. When time gets started, breaker comes on road and remains until the countdown gets zero. In the embedded system’s clock any time and date can be stored on which the speed breaker is required on the road. So this type of speed breaker is useful before any building for which the time is specified for coming in the building and going out from it.



ABSTRACT

In this current world where technology is growing up day by day and scientific researchers are presenting new era of discoveries, the need for security is also increasing in all areas. At present, the vehicle usage is basic necessity for everyone. Simultaneously, protecting the vehicle against theft is also very important. Traditional vehicle security system depends on many sensors and cost is also high. When the vehicle is stolen, no more response or alternative could be available to help the owner of the vehicle to find it back. The main goal of this paper is to protect the vehicle from any unauthorized access, using fast, easy-to-use, clear, reliable and economical Biometric scanner. This vehicle security system intimates the status of the vehicle to the authoritative person (owner) using Wi-Fi or Global System for Mobile (GSM) communication technology. If the person is certified, vehicle access is allowed. Else SMS will be sent to the owner and the engine will be immobilized. The prototype model for the security system is built on the embedded platform using Arduino Microcontroller which controls all the processes and cost is also very stumpy. On higher end theft attempts like cutting battery power supply, protection to the vehicle is provided by Engine Control Unit (ECU) embedded on microcontroller. By using GPS technology, vehicle can be identified very easily.



ABSTRACT

The project deals with the problems faced at toll plaza by introducing identification system for vehicle and piezo electric sensor is used for accident detection. The owner has to create an account through mobile application and register his RFID tag. When vehicle passes through Toll collection Unit (TCU) it is classified as passenger or goods carrying vehicle based on its Unique Identification Number (UIN). A goods vehicle is weighed at TCU and if it is overloaded, then it is charged with extra tax and information is send to the android app, UIN is passed to controller unit where the balance gets deducted from account. Once the balance is deducted, it will indicate TCS to open the barricade and vehicle is allowed to pass. The accident detection is done using Piezoelectric sensor.



ABSTRACT

Roads in India normally have speed breakers so that the vehicle’s speed can be controlled to avoid accidents. However, these speed breakers are unevenly distributed with uneven and unscientific heights. Potholes, formed due to heavy rains and movement of heavy vehicles, also become a major reason for traumatic accidents and loss of human lives. To address the above mentioned problems, a cost effective solution is needed that collects the information about the severity of potholes and humps and also helps drivers to drive safely. With the proposed system an attempt has been made to endorse drivers to ward off the accidents caused due to potholes and raised humps.



ABSTRACT

This paper proposes the Smart Surveillance System using Raspberry Pi and PIR sensor. This system will serve as smart security module for monitoring. Traditional surveillance systems only records the activities based on motion, but this system serves the purpose of facial recognition so as to reduce the error caused due to motion detection .Raspberry Pi camera module is used to capture images once the motion is detected by the PIR Sensor. This system will monitor when motion detected and checks for the faces in the image captured and with the help of face recognition alerts if the face detected is not stored in the database. Send through SMS to alert even if he/she has internet issues he will get to know about the intruder.



ABSTRACT

Nowadays Internet of Things (IoT) and Remote Sensing (RS) techniques are used in different area of research for monitoring, collecting and analysis data from remote locations. Due to the vast increase in global industrial output, rural to urban drift and the over-utilization of land and sea resources, the quality of water available to people has deteriorated greatly. The high use of fertilizers in farms and also other chemicals in sectors such as mining and construction have contributed immensely to the overall reduction of water quality globally. Water is an essential need for human survival and therefore there must be mechanisms put in place to vigorously test the quality of water that made available for drinking in town and city articulated supplies and as well as the rivers, creeks and shoreline that surround our towns and cities. The availability of good quality water is paramount in preventing outbreaks of water-borne diseases as well as improving the quality of life. The development of a surface water monitoring network is a critical element in the assessment and protection of water quality. We developed a prototype of easy to install technology by which the different surface water (e.g. rivers, lakes) quality indicators can be measured. This paper presents a smart water quality monitoring system.



ABSTRACT

Internet of things is one of the rapidly growing fields for delivering social and economic benefits for emerging and developing economy. The field of IOT is expanding its wings in all the domains like medical, industrial, transportation, education, mining etc. Nowadays with the advancement in integrated on chip computers like Arduino, Raspberry pi the technology is reaching the ground level with its application in agriculture and aquaculture. Water quality is a critical factor while culturing aquatic organisms. It mainly depends on several parameters like dissolved oxygen, ammonia, pH, temperature, salt, nitrates, carbonates and water level etc. The quality of water is monitored continuously with the help of sensors to ensure growth and survival of aquatic life. The sensed data is transferred to the aqua farmer mobile through cloud. As a result preventive measures can be taken in time to minimize the losses and increase the productivity.



ABSTRACT

Due to increasing usage of IoT in automotive Embedded systems. Smart Car application has gained enormous attention among the users. It’s difficult to trace missing vehicles in metropolitan cities or any theft activities when the owner is not around the vehicle. This study presents a new design for an anti-theft protection system as an inexpensive solution to protect cars from theft and from non-authorized users by using a single board computer. This security system is implemented for anti-theft using an embedded system integrated with Global Positioning System (GPS) and Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM). This proposed work is an attempt to design and develop a smart anti-theft system that uses GPS and GSM system to prevent theft and to determine the exact location of vehicle. The preventive measures like engine ignition cutoff, VIN etched to the soc and steer locking systems are installed in the vehicle which is controlled using user or owner GSM mobile. The owner can lock or unlock his/her vehicle with the help of SMS. This complete system is designed taking in consideration the low range vehicles to provide them extreme security.



ABSTRACT

RFID based automatic ration system is an approach in public distribution system useful for more efficient, accurate and automated technique of ration distribution. The conventional ration distribution system has drawbacks like inaccurate quantity of goods, low processing speed, large waiting time and material theft in ration shop. In this paper, we propose an automatic ration materials distribution based on GSM and RFID technology instead of ration cards. To get the materials in ration shops, one need to show the RFID tag into the RFID reader, then controller checks the customer codes and details of amounts in the card. After verification, these systems show the amount details. Then customer need to enter their required materials by using keyboard, after receiving materials controller sends the information to government office and customer through GSM technology.



ABSTRACT

Infants or a toddler needs parents’ attention 24 hours a day and 7 days a week, which is practically impossible due to other priorities like house hold activities, official works and personal works. Baby care centre or nanny is the two options available which involves lot of passion. We live in a world where technologies are used all around us. The new generations of parents were raised with technology. There are many things these parents will buy to help them care for their baby. So, there is a need for safe and secure place to take good care of the children’s need with minimum human intervention, which can be accomplished with the help of a “smart baby cradle”. A “smart baby cradle” provides parents a smart automatic cradle system to help these parents monitor and comfort the baby. The smart baby cradle allows them to monitoring their babies, the cradle, play soothing music, even speak to the baby, observing the temperature of the infant, bed wet sensor which will caution the attendants for bunk wetting of the infant. The mother can keep an eye on baby through camera inserted in the cradle. All the fittings are done through Arduino and PIR sensor. Additionally, we provide a predefined nutrition food chart to help baby remain healthy.



ABSTRACT

In recent times, garbage disposal has become a huge cause for concern in the world. A voluminous amount of waste that is generated is disposed by means which have an adverse effect on the environment. The common method of disposal of the waste is by unplanned and uncontrolled open dumping at the landfill sites. This method is injurious to human health, plant and animal life. In India, rag pickers play an important role in the recycling of urban solid waste. The economic value of the waste generated is not realized unless it is recycled completely. We are implementing a smart dustbin which is a cheap, easy to use solution for a segregation system at households, so that it can be sent directly for processing. It is designed to sort the refuse into wet waste and dry waste. Also to inform the concerned person when the bins are full through IOT.



ABSTRACT

Road accidents is the major cause of deaths in india. India had been ranked number one in the number of deaths due to accidents. This is some serious matter at hands and measures need to be taken to save the lives of the victim. The victim’s lives can be saved by taking preventive measures at the accident prone zone. Accident prone zone is the place where accidents frequently occur that is mainly in bi-direction road, at the curves of the road. A statistical measures are taken at that zones when two vehicles are coming in opposite direction. A prototype consists of four IR sensors, tilt sensor, Arduino, wifi module and android app is developed in a bi-directional road. Here four IR sensors are taken, two are placed at the starting of the road, two are placed at the ending of the road. So that it detects the vehicles and send the information through android app. This a chance to minimize the accidents, where the vehicles previously know whether any vehicle comes in his/her path.



ABSTRACT

Assistive Technology (AT) maintains and improves the individual’s functioning and independence, thereby promoting their well-being. But today’s only 1 from each 10 people in need have access to AT due to high costs and a lack of awareness, availability, personal training, policy and financing. By 2050, more than 2 billion people will need at least 1 assistive product with many elderly needing 2 or more. Elderly make important contributions to the society. Though some people aged well, other become frail, with a high risk of disease. In this paper, we propose a first approach related to the design of AT device. This uses open source technologies and gives a new choice in taking medication dosages. “The intelligent PillBox” allows the organization of several medication schedules that health disorders presented in elderly need basically. ARM 7 was taken as the principal controller. This prototype contains: an automatic opening and closing system, a display system and a notification through GSM network. The development of this device is focused in the support of elderly people and other vulnerable groups that may need for an assisted care.



ABSTRACT

The main aim of this project is to reduce the traffic in the parking place. Normally we can see in the multiplexes, cinema halls, large industries, and function halls there is problem they have to go and search which line is empty and which line having place to park the vehicle, for parking then they need workers for parking in correct position it is the money consumed process. So to avoid this problem car parking system project is implemented.



ABSTRACT

For many days we are reading in the newspapers about smuggling of the trees like sandal, “Sagwan” etc. These trees are very costly as well as less available in the world. These are use in the medical sciences as well as cosmetics. Because of huge amount of money involved in selling of such tree woods lots of incidents are happening of cutting of trees and their smuggling. In India also in the jungles of Karnataka and Tamilnadu notorious Smuggler “Virrappan” did the smuggling of such trees for so many years. To restrict such smuggling and to save the forests around the globe some preventive measures need to be deployed. We are developing such a system which can be used to restrict this smuggling. Smuggling of sandalwood has created socio economic and law and order problems in areas bordering the state of Tamil Nadu and other regions in India. The purpose of this project is to save valuable trees which have high demand in market like teak, Sandalwood, etc. Here we have used GPS Technology i.e., Global Positioning System from which we can get the location of where the poaching is done. Monitor & control of parameters like Tilt of Tree, Cutting of Tree, burning of tree is done through the IOT and can be accessed on the Android app installed in android smart phone.



ABSTRACT

The Existing domestic Energy meter reading systems universally exist many problems, such as difficulty in construction, too narrow bandwidth, too low rate, poor real time, not two way communication quickly etc. To solve above problems, this paper uses the wireless technology for Automatic Meter Reading system. A proposed method provides the communication between the Electricity Board section and the consumer section using IOT for transmitting the customer’s electricity consumption and bill information that is calculated using Arduino. The information regarding the bill amount and payment are communicated to the consumer via Internet of things.



ABSTRACT

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a new evolution in technological advancement taking place in the world today. This paradigm allows physical world objects in our surroundings to be connected to the Internet. This idea comes to life by utilizing two architecture; the Sensing Entity in the environment that collects data and connects itself to the cloud and the Cloud Service that hosts the data from the environment and controls the parameters. The combination of wireless sensor networks and cloud computing is becoming a popular strategy for the IoT era. The cold chain requires controlled environment for sensitive products in order for them to be fit for use. The monitoring process is the first assurance which tells if a certain process has been carried out successfully and the controlling mechanism is performed by the Relays. Taking advantage of IoT and its benefits to monitor and control the cold chain logistics will result in better management and product handling. This paper looks at a system comprising of MCU wireless sensor network and server which can be an ideal system to monitor temperature and humidity of cold chain logistics and control them to required values.



ABSTRACT

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a new evolution in technological advancement taking place in the world today. This paradigm allows physical world objects in our surroundings to be connected to the Internet. This idea comes to life by utilizing two architecture; the Sensing Entity in the environment that collects data and connects itself to the cloud and the Cloud Service that hosts the data from the environment and controls the parameters. The combination of wireless sensor networks and cloud computing is becoming a popular strategy for the IoT era.

In India, droughts are one of the problems for farmers economic losses. However, there has been no development in these field to restrict or erase these problems. But still the governments provides some help in terms of finance to those farmers who are suffering from the drought. In this paper a novel method has been proposed where the drought hit areas are monitored through a remote place and help is provided later. Some of the Wireless sensors are used for monitoring and these are fed to the Arduino which is the heart of this project. The values are accessed through android app.



ABSTRACT

We have developed a new mobile phone-based safety support system for transmitting information of a wandering elderly person's location and the environmental sounds around that person. The system consists of a wearable sensor and a conventional desktop PC with Internet access acting as the server computer. The wearable sensor, which is attached behind the neck of the elderly person’s shirt, is composed of GPS module. The wandering elderly person's location is identified within 100 m from the mobile phone company’s antenna ID via the W-SIM. The caregiver sets the elderly person’s movement area by specialized computer software. The GPS module sends the wandering elderly person's location to the server computer. The server computer informs automatically the caregiver by a message on the app installed on the android smart phone. The caregiver can monitor the sound and the map of the wandering person's location via Internet.



ABSTRACT

The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most promising technology in recent years, which is used for network of physical objects or things embedded with software, electronics, sensors and network connectivity, which enables these objects to collect and exchange data. The IoT can be used in various fields like Home automation, Building automation, Industries and Hospitals. The proposed system is used for irrigational monitoring and controlling using wireless sensor networks. The data can be monitored and the output devices can be controlled using IOT. Different sensors are used for data acquisition. Sensed data’s are delivered to an Android Application device where an Monitoring Application (MA) makes them easily accessible to monitor and analyze received data. Not only the concerned person can monitor these sensor values but to some extent he can control them with the help of output devices.



ABSTRACT

Nowadays Technology keeps on upgrading. Home security is essential for occupant’s convenience and protection. Security systems are being preferred over manual system. With the rapid increase in the number of users of internet over the past decade has made Internet a part and parcel of life, and IOTs is the latest and emerging internet technology. Home Appliances control of smart security system using IOTs uses computers or mobile devices to control basic home functions and features through internet from anywhere around the world. This security system differs from other system by allowing the user to operate the system from anywhere around the world through internet connection. With the help of Arduino microcontroller as an Embedded device, security system design was constructed with the help of many sensors like PIR sensor, Fire Sensor, Gas Sensors.



ABSTRACT

Internet of Things (IoT) is rapidly increasing technology. IoT is the network of physical objects or things embedded with electronics, software, sensors, and network connectivity, which enables these objects to collect and exchange data. In this paper, we are developing a system which will automatically monitor the industrial applications and update the pollution information continually on cloud so one can monitor it from anywhere. Using concept of IoT. IoT has given us a promising way to build powerful industrial systems and applications by using wireless devices, P.C, and sensors. A main contribution of this review paper is that it summarizes uses of IoT in industries with Artificial Intelligence to monitor and control the Industry. Here in this project Arduino is used as the main controller and through wi-fi the data is send to the concerned person about the different parameters of the industry.



ABSTRACT

IOT deals with integrates multiple disperse components towards their synergetic use. In this paper a system of interconnected smart modules is developed where each and every parameter necessary for a parking and street light is monitored and updated to the cloud. Emphasis is given on how sensing and communication technologies of IOT can effectively be used in smart city monitoring. This paper also includes smart parking system with a smart street light system. Further this project also includes controlling of some parameters like light and also included the AI to calculate by its own according to the values.



ABSTRACT

Device-oriented control system is based on the devices to be controlled and the location they use devices, providing a control service system with dynamic operation interface: when detecting the approaching users, the system would automatically notify users the available devices and provide users with the control options for the devices. The system function would come along with the device to be controlled, and the user interface would change with user's location and devices in the location, reducing the complexity of operation and enabling users to focus on the present objects to be operated. This system can be combined with I/O or smart devices, providing users with location-based device-oriented control service, making the update and maintenance of IoT application control system easier.



ABSTRACT

In this paper a system for increasing children’s safety is proposed. The focus is on the daily route from home to school and vice versa, assuming the use of school buses. IoT paradigm is exploited together with different localization techniques i.e. RFID and GPS, in order to design a solution for parents willing to make certain of their child’s following the main to school or home, i.e. taking the school bus and entering school or leaving school and entering the school bus. In this paper the applicability of RFID technology efficient tracking capabilities is tested in children’s tracking and monitoring during their trip to and from school by school buses. The proposed solution is discussed in terms of technologies and architecture and the first prototype is presented.



ABSTRACT

The system is mainly used for smart and weather adaptive lighting in street lights. The project is implemented with smart embedded system that controls the street light based on detection of sunlight. During the night time the street light gets automatically OFF. The ON/OFF can be accessed anywhere anytime through internet. A camera is placed on top of the street light to track the actions performed on the road where the footages are stored in a server. In addition to this, a panic button is placed on the pole, in-case of any emergency or danger, the person in danger can press this button which raises an alarm at the nearby police station. Whenever the panic button is pressed, the footage at that time recorded by the camera is sent directly to the cloud account. The access of the account is given to the particular police station by which they can view the incident’s spot. Each area’s street lights are connected to the particular area’s police station and each of them has a cloud accessible account. The manual operation using GSM technology is completely eliminated. Thus the system is mainly designed to ensure safety and to prevent energy wastage.



ABSTRACT

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a new evolution in technological advancement taking place in the world today. This paradigm allows physical world objects in our surroundings to be connected to the Internet. This idea comes to life by utilizing two architecture; the Sensing Entity in the environment that collects data and connects itself to the cloud and the Cloud Service that hosts the data from the environment and controls the parameters. The combination of wireless sensor networks and cloud computing is becoming a popular strategy for the IoT era.

IOT deals with intricate systems that integrates multiple disperse components towards their synergetic use. In this paper a system of interconnected smart modules is developed where each and every parameter necessary for a city is monitored and updated to the cloud. Emphasis is given on how sensing and communication technologies of IOT can effectively be used in smart city monitoring. This paper also includes smart parking system with garbage collection. Further this project also includes controlling of some parameters like water and light.



ABSTRACT

Many times, in our city we see that the garbage bins or dustbins placed at public places are overloaded. It creates unhygienic conditions for people as well as ugliness to that place leaving bad smell. To avoid all such situations we are going to implement a project called IoT Based Smart Garbage and Waste Collection bins.

These dustbins are interfaced with microcontroller based system having IR wireless systems along with central system showing current status of garbage, on mobile web browser with html page by Wi-Fi. Hence the status will be updated on to the html page. Major part of our project depends upon the working of the Arduino and sending data to the respective person essential for maintaining a proper environment. The main aim of this project is to reduce human resources and efforts along with the enhancement of a smart city vision.



ABSTRACT

The paper presents the design and implementation of an IOT-based health monitoring system for emergency medical services which can demonstrate collection, integration, and interoperation of IoT data flexibly which can provide support to emergency medical services like Intensive Care Units(ICU), using a Blynk application which normal people can easily install in their phones and get access. The proposed model enables users to improve health related risks and reduce healthcare costs by collecting, recording, analyzing and sharing large data streams in real time and efficiently. The idea of this project came so to reduce the headache of patient to visit to doctor every time he need to check his blood pressure, heart beat rate, temperature etc. With the help of this proposal the time of both patients and doctors are saved and doctors can also help in emergency scenario as much as possible. The proposed outcome of the project is to give proper and efficient medical services to patients by connecting and collecting data information through health status monitors which would include patient’s heart rate, blood pressure and Temperature and sends an emergency alert to patient’s doctor with his current status and full medical information.



ABSTRACT

In this paper, a scheme for fault detection and identification of SIGNLE PHASE overhead transmission lines is proposed. Fault detection techniques based on mean square value of the difference between incoming and outgoing single phase currents of each section. These differences are compared against threshold setting values. Faulty phase identification is based on the analysis of single phase currents at one end of transmission line. The transient currents are processed by Discrete Wavelet Transform multi-resolution analysis. It is used as input to a rule-base system to identify the fault type. Many case studies are provided to validate the proposed algorithm.



ABSTRACT

The aim of this work is to develop an intelligent wireless system for monitoring vehicle speed, identify speeding vehicles and imposing penalty for the speeding offenders. A prototype system has been developed in a laboratory environment to generate random speed data using a mechanical wheel (acts as a vehicle), measure the speed data with a Shimmer wireless sensor and transfer the data wirelessly to a server computer for further analysis. Software interface has been developed using Java based socket-programming to monitor the vehicle speed in a server computer and to send the data associated with a speeding vehicle to a remotely placed client computer. The functionality of the software has been tested by experimenting different traffic scenarios. If the vehicle speed is higher than the set speed limit for the road, the system automatically detects it and generates a report with the time of speeding, vehicle number, vehicle speed, etc. The report is saved in a central database (client computer) in order to take further necessary actions for the speeding offender. The experimental evaluation results show that the system can measure and monitor the vehicle speeds wirelessly and manage the speeding data automatically.



ABSTRACT

This robotic vehicle is an agricultural machine of a considerable power and great soil clearing capacity. This multipurpose system gives an advance method to sow, plow, water and cut the crops with minimum man power and labor making it an efficient vehicle. The machine will cultivate the farm by considering particular rows and specific column at fixed distance depending on crop. Moreover the vehicle can be controlled through Internet medium using a Android smart phone. The whole process calculation, processing, monitoring are designed with motors & sensor interfaced with microcontroller. Using Internet of things the robot is controlled.



ABSTRACT

Nowadays, many expenses are made in the field of defense in adopting primitive security measures to protect the border from the trespassers. Some military organizations take the help of robot in the risk prone areas which are not that effective when done by army men. These Army robots are confining with the camera, sensors, metal detector and video screen. The main objective of our system is to get camouflaged including some additional parameters like IOT technology for sending data to remote place for real time data and sending processed data by the camera at the video screen and PIR sensor to trace the intruders. Thus the proposed system using IOT reduces errors at defense and keeps the nation secure from the foe.



ABSTRACT

Li-Fi technology consist of transmission of data using light. So the proposed system has LED’s which is useful for data transmission and implement the basic concept of Li-Fi. It is divided into two modules Transmitter and Receiver.

Li-Fi is the term some have used to label the fast and cheap wireless-communication system, which is the optical version of Wi-Fi.



ABSTRACT

Telemedicine is a rapidly developing application of clinic medicine where medical information is transferred through the phone or other networks for the purpose of consulting and performing remote medical procedures or examinations. Telemedicine can be applied to a greater extend in the field of cardiology where ECG serves as the major tool. This project elaborates the experience; a methodology adopted and highlights various design aspects to be considered for making telemedicine in patient monitoring system effective. In this method, the patient’s vital signs like heart beating rate, temperature and glucose level are captured and the values are continually displayed on the doctor’s phone using VLC system.



ABSTRACT

According to the research of the WHO (World Health Organisation), more than 50% ofindividuals loss their lives yearly owing to road traffic injuries. In which, majority of deaths are of two-wheeler riders because of head injuries. These death ratio can be avertible by obligatory use of helmets.Researches depicts that wearing the helmet can prevent fatal injuries by 75%. In addition, WHO specifies that the drunk and drive scenario increased day by day in the world which leads towards a major road accident. Furthermore, there are some rural areas around the world where the traffic of people is less. In such a situation, rider loss their lives due to delay in providing emergency service. Various alertness schemes have been initiated, regulations have been imposed based on citizens benefits, however, still they are disobeying the laws beside driving a bike without wearing helmets, thereby endangering their lives. Hence, a solution to problem is to develop an innovative as well as the novel project of ”Obligatory usage of safety equipment for alcohol and accident detection through IoT”. System is plan and implemented such a way that the two-wheeler will not ignite until the rider wear safety equipment (helmet) and pass an alcohol test, which will help to solve the problem of drink and drive.The additional features of this project are it consists of GPS and GSM technology which sends the message to the hospital as well as a family member with the current location at the time of an accident. Ultimately, the project is focused on safety of bikers



ABSTRACT

Real-time Internet of Things (IoT) applications have stringent delay requirements when implemented over distributed sensing and communication networks in smart traffic control. They require the system to reach a permissible neighbourhood of an optimum solution with tolerable delay. The performance of such applications mostly depends on the delay introduced by the underlying optimisation algorithms, with the localised computational capability. In this work, we study a smart traffic control scenario - a real-time IoT application, where a group of autonomous vehicles independently decide on their lane

velocity, in collaboration with road side units to efficiently utilise intersections with minimal environmental impact. We decompose this problem as an unconstrained network utility maximisation problem. A consensus-based, constant step-size gradient descent algorithm is proposed to obtain a near optimal solution. We analyse the delay-accuracy trade-off in reaching a near optimal velocity. Delay is measured in terms of the number of iterations required before the scheduling operation can be done for a particular tolerance.  



ABSTRACT

This paper shows a low-power, wireless and non invasive sensor system for the monitoring of athletic performances. This sensor will allow, for the first time, the evaluation of the anaerobic threshold analyzing only samples of saliva and exhaled breath in order to examine athletic performances with a noninvasivetechnique. 

The anaerobic threshold represents the capacity of the athlete to perform an extended exercise. This threshold is characterized by a massive activation of the anaerobic mechanism with the sudden production increase of carbon dioxide, respiratory acts and lactate level. These three figures are detectable by the presented sensor system.



ABSTRACT

In the era of IoT and data analytics this paper has proposed system architecture for RFID based shipment tracking using Raspberry Pi equipped with RFID RC522 module. Light weight MQTT protocol is used for publishing real-time passive RFID tag data to CloudMQTT broker from Raspberry Pi. Further the logistics management and monitoring can be done using web based multiple platform GUI using MQTT subscribe message from MQTT broker. Using data analytics tool various logistic related data can be automated for better logistic management. Raspberry Pi uses python based Mosquitto MQTT client program to publish data to CloudMQTT broker using an IEEE 802.11 Wireless LAN NIC.



ABSTRACT

The progress in network technology and hardware in conjunction with Internet-of-Things (IoTs) has provided the comfortability for an easier human life at present. Apart from the so called “smart” environments including smart homes, smart city, smart agriculture, IoTs have been included recently in ehealthcare systems as well for real-time diagnosis and medical consultancy. To enhance the capabilities of IoT based healthcare systems, fog layers have been employed and that have shown its worth by providing fast response time and low latency. However, such development is posing a severe challenge in preserving the privacy of the users which further addresses the security/privacy issues to some extent. Being in an infant stage, such technology has invariably run into less privacy controls . Therefore, our present work is about an e healthcare framework dealing with Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) which preserves the privacy issues. Moreover, we have experimented the proposed work with respect to response time and delay and have compared with recent works. The results show that the proposed work is efficient in providing privacy along with standard network parameters.



ABSTRACT

The uncollected waste material when the waste bin is full is a common problem nowadays. Thus, an efficient waste management for the waste material is essential in ensuring a clean and green surrounding environment. This paper presents an Internet of Things (IoT) based Smart Waste Collection Monitoring and Alert System to monitor the waste material at the selected site of garbage collection area. The system is implemented using an ultrasonic sensor which is connected to Arduino UNO as to monitor waste bin garbage level. In this system, waste bin depth level will be sent via Arduino Ethernet Shield with an Internet connection to the Ubidots IoT Cloud. The Ubidots store the collected waste bin level data into IoT database and display the waste bin depth level on online dashboard for real-time visualization. The Ubidots Event manager invoke a notification alert to garbage collector mobile phone via a SMS when the waste bin is nearly filled for immediate waste collection. Therefore, the waste collection became more effective and systematic.



ABSTRACT

Hydro power vitality is one of the most encouraging clean vitality technology. This vitality innovation has numerous difficulties when contrasted and other sustainable power sources for instance biomass, sun oriented and wind energies. It has high capital speculation cost. Hydro plant is an essential product in non-renewable energy sources .When we are going with a hydro plant , we have developed a piezoelectric generator that harvests mechanical vibrations energy for increasing generating electrical energy. Piezoelectric electrical device that is associate degree mechanical device undergoes mechanical vibrations thus turn out electricity. So here we have done an efficient turbine controller which can be sufficiently able to withstand stacking however not too much overwhelming in order to force superfluous on the drive. Nowadays control request is more. So this task has created to produce the electrical power so as to remunerate the electric power request and monitoring condition.



ABSTRACT

Monitoring of the health plays a crucial role in the medical industry; an application for monitoring the children from distances by their parents is developed. Different types of sensors are used like; a temperature sensor is a device typically is an RTD. Heartbeat senor works on the principle of the basic optoelectronics. The Raspberry Pi 3 B + Model are presently the latest, faster, and easier to use. Massimo’s acoustic respiration sensor the RAS-45 for Rainbow Acoustic Monitoring scored FDA clearance for infants and patients 10kg and under.



ABSTRACT

Border areas are generally considered as places where great deal of violence, intrusion and cohesion between several parties happens. This often led to danger for the life of employees, soldiers and common man working or living in border areas. Further geographical conditions like mountains, snow, forest, deserts, harsh weather and water bodies often lead to difficult access and monitoring of border areas. Proposed system uses thermal imaging camera (FLIR) for detection of various objects and infiltrators. FLIR is assigned an IP address and connected through local network to the control center. Software code captures video and subsequently the intrusion detection. A motor controlled spotlight with infrared and laser gun is used to illuminate under various conditions at the site. System also integrates sound sensor to detect specific sounds and motion sensors to sense suspicious movements. Based on the decision, a buzzer and electric current through fence for further protection can be initiated. Sensors are be integrated through IoT for an efficient control of large border area and connectivity between sites.



ABSTRACT

This presents an Internet of Things (IoT) predictive platform for precision agriculture. The proposed platform aims to improve the productivity of crops through autocontrolling the plantation environment at low cost. Furthermore, the platform uses machine learning to predict plant diseases by implementing deep learning algorithms that extract hidden knowledge from the leaves’ images to produce a model to achieve the highest possible accuracy of diseases classification. The platform consists of three layers. The first layer collects the needed information and applies the required actions. The second layer provides connectivity to the Internet. The last layer stores data, analyzes it, and makes it accessible to authorized users.



ABSTRACT

Precision agriculture has seen growing adoption by farmers as it offers great benefits in terms of productivity, traceability and efficient operation. The areas of application include crop management, livestock management as well as other agricultural product management. This paper presents the development and implementation of compost monitoring system that is enabled by Internet-of-Things (IoT) technologies. This system is designed to be deployed in an organic farm in Serian district, Sarawak, Malaysia. The design of the system setup considers the field conditions at the farm. The two-level(sensor node and gateway) approach in developing the system, combined with the use of LoRa communication and MiFi device permits users to monitor the compost parameters remotely. The experimental results are presented.



ABSTRACT

The effect of climate change and human activities ends in a chain of risky phenomena, inclusive of landslides and flood. The environmental problems are also a captious part of human’s quality of life and the advancement of civilization. Old methods of monitoring the environmental parameters which as physically receiving information rainfall data from stations can be brutal and inhibiting monitoring required for careful imposition. This paper makes specialty of a flexible and efficient WSN for detecting rainfall-induced landslides. WSN which offer the high quality rainfall monitoring at very cheap rate in terms of labor invested and capital. This paper includes the WSN-enabled architecture for rainfall monitoring system to transmit and collect real time data using GPRS (General Pocket Radio Service) via a cellular network. The data is sent from remote stations to the web server known as Weather Underground. Contribution work is an approach is bandwidth compressed waveform signal for increasing the number of connected devices Performance analysis using SVM machine learning classifier for prediction of rainfall.



ABSTRACT

Smart home appliances nowadays can be networked utilizing the IoT communication protocols. Appliances can be monitored and controlled using local switches and remote access via mobile phones. Many systems are reported in the literature based on single monitoring and controlling mode utilizing text, voice or gesture commands. This paper presents an IoT-based Dual-mode system to monitor and control home appliances. In the proposed system, home appliances are interfaced with a generalpurpose digital and analog inputs and outputs of a single chip microcontroller. The microcontroller has a built-in wireless access point that enables the system to communicate with a home server. The system has two different operation modes. The first mode makes use of a mobile app interface with virtual switches and sliders to monitor and control appliances. The second mode is chat-based that uses text or audio commands fitted with natural language processing to monitor and control the home appliances. The proposed system is scalable in that it is able to add and remove rooms on demand. For validation and testing purpose, a prototype is built that includes home appliances, room controllers, home server and a mobile app.



ABSTRACT

With the rapid development of road infrastructure, the volume of vehicle on the road network increases which leads to traffic Congestion. The same scenario exists in the Sultanate of Oman. Traffic congestions are amongst the top list of the problems faced in Muscat and other cities in the Sultanate of Oman. This is mainly caused due to the rapid up rise in the number of vehicles in a short span of time. To overcome such impact of traffic congestions, it is required to develop an IoT Based traffic control system. The proposed system would be based on the measurement of the actual traffic density on the road. This would be achieved using a real time video and image processing techniques. Wherein the images captured and are stored in the server, which will be compared with the real time image captured via camera to identify the density. The theme is to control the traffic by determining the traffic density on each side of the road and enabling a controlling option of the traffic signal to the user through a software application.



ABSTRACT

This  an IoT based women safety device is proposed and implemented for effective selfalert and protection. The proposed device is a three-way safety module for it provides self-defense, evidence recording and tracking information. Due to increase in the rate of crimes against women, today's age safety of women is a major concern. For self-defence the device produces shock to the attacker through a nerve stimulator and rings a buzzer on pressing a button. It also allows to record evidence via a video camera which gets activated through the button and stores the footage in the Raspberry Pi. The prototype also consists of a GSM and GPS module which is activated by voice command through an Android Application. When the user will say the words “emergency” in his mobile application the device will send SMS alert containing the location of the user and auto dial the pre-set emergency contact number. A microphone and speaker are connected with the GSM module through which the user can hear and speak with the contacted person. Hardware used are Raspberry Pi 3 b+, GSM module, GPS module, relay module, buzzer and nerve stimulator.



ABSTRACT

This is an automated system has been developed to determine whether the plant is normal or diseased. The normal growth of the plants, yield and quality of agricultural products is seriously affected by plant disease. This paper attempts to develop an automated system that detects the presence of disease in the plants. An automated disease detection system is developed using sensors like temperature, humidity and colour based on variation in plant leaf health condition. Here, IOT comes into picture to supply semi-automated or fully-automated frameworks to supply superior comes about.



ABSTRACT

Robotics and Internet of Things (IoT) are two hot topics in the research area. There are studies in the literature that combine these two topics. In this study, robotics and IoT are used for the agricultural fields. Because, with the technology becoming more available on agriculture; food security, crop yield will be increased and the environmental hazards will be decreased. But this can be achieved by strictly monitoring the agricultural fields and greenhouses. For these purposes, static sensors or sensor networks, and mobile agents are used. IoT forms the backbone of such systems because there are too many units in different places and a lot of data is coming out from these units. Also, processing this data reveals the big data problem. Purpose of this work is integrating the mobile robot platform to gather data from the agricultural fields or greenhouses and then post this gathered data to the web application. So that, data can be stored, processed, and classified on the web application or cloud. This study proposes a design scheme for the mobile internet of things concept where the client or the agent is the mobile robot whether it is autonomous or not. Furthermore, the design structure is not limited to the mobile ground vehicle. Any type of unmanned vehicle or static sensor can be integrated into the system. Internet connection is not limited to only Wi-Fi, there is also a cellular connection in the system.With this study, mobile data acquisition and transferring this acquired data to the web application can be done. Also, the infrastructure of the mobile agent-based internet of things system is shown. On the robot side, autonomy can be added to the system.



ABSTRACT

This presents an improved mobile inverted pendulum robot called Two-wheeled Self-balancing robot (TWSBR) using a Proportional-Derivative Proportional-Integral (PD-PI) robust control design based on 32-bit microcontroller in a sensed environment (SE). The robot keeps itself balance with two wheels and a PD-PI controller based on the Kalman filter algorithm during the navigation process and is able to stabilize while avoiding acute and dynamic obstacles in the sensed environment. The Proportional (P) control is used to implement turn control for obstacle avoidance in SE with ultrasonic waves.

Finally, in a SE, the robot can communicate with any of the Internet of Things (IoT) devices (mobile phone or Personal Computer) which have a Java-based transmission application installed and through Bluetooth technology connectivity for wireless control. The simulation results prove the efficiency of the proposed PD-PI controller in path planning, and balancing challenges of the TWSBR under several environmental disturbances. This shows an improved control system as compared to the existing improved Adaptive Fuzzy Controller.



ABSTRACT

In order to inform the approach of the ambulance to other vehicles, we developed a smart ambulance approach alarm system by making the position information of the ambulance open. The position information of the ambulance has not made open until now due to the development cost or privacy issue. Our proposed system is to make an ambulance IoT just to put a smartphone installed special application on a dashboard. Our cloud side application also controls the position information of the ambulance distribution in consideration for the situation of other vehicles and the privacy of ambulance users. We inspected the functional effectiveness of this system by the proof experiment in the public road.



ABSTRACT

The Internet of Things (IoT) is an emerging technology that is changing our world by making it a smarter and a better place to live in. The idea to build a smart and connected world cannot be imagined without the IoT. Many modern houses and buildings are equipped with different sensors, which are constantly monitoring specific parameters and are reporting them to the owners or to the residents. However, we are not the only inhabitants of this planet and as dominant species, we have the obligation to take care and look after the wildlife and the natural resources of Earth. According to a recent study, which was carried out by the National Center for Scientific Research of France (CNRS), the population of farmland birds has rapidly decreased by more than 30% in the last 17 years. This trend is presenting a significant problem for the bird populations, the ecosystems and the biodiversity as whole. Finding nutrition and water is quite daunting task for somebird species, especially during cold weather or in the winter. This is one of the many situations, where the IoT technology can be utilized. With the help of the modern information and communication technologies, we are planning to build smart cloud connected birdhouses, which could help protect the endangered bird species.



ABSTRACT

Internet of Things (IoT) consists of devices that connect to the internet and communicate with each other. It enables these devices to collect and exchange data with a consumer. This paper presents an IoT-based Smart Garden with Weather Station system, which can be used to monitor the growth of plant every day and predict the probability for raining. Why this IoT-based device is been created? Many people are interested in growing the plants are always forget on watering the plants. Hence, in this study, the device is equipped with a water pump, where it can be monitored and controlled by using a smartphone. In addition, the devices also consist of four main sensors, which are Barometric Pressure, DHT11 Temperature, and Humidity Sensor, Soil Moisture Sensor and Light intensity module sensor. The Soil and Light Intensity sensor used to measure the value by percentages. Besides, two actuators, which are the water pump and LED light can be used remotely or by using a button on the devices. The LED is purposely to replicate the sunlight and make the plant grow faster. This IoT-based Smart Garden with Weather Station System can record the data and send the result to user through the smartphone application named as Blynk apps. This research is beneficial, and the system can be easily managed by all users such as researcher or farmer, and children.



ABSTRACT

The smart wheelchair is designed to aid people with infirmity, comprehensive impairment have a better quality, and a more self-supporting lifestyle. The aim of this paper is to increase a typical wheelchair attached with sensors to an audio combination that interpret commands, and a mobility-control software as an outcome of the wheelchair's movement. Automated chair studies the arrangement of surrounding area (school, infirmary, healing center, houses, shopping mall etc.,) through a recited, directed journey that a person enters. Eventually, the chair will move to any formerly-updated position underneath the voice instruction (e.g., “Take ME to the cafeteria”). This automation is acceptable to those that have quality due to brain injury or the loss of limbs. The technology may enhance safety for users who use standard joystick controlled high-powered wheelchairs, by preventing collisions with walls, mounted objects, article of furniture and people. We envision that a voice-commendable wheelchair could improve the quality of life and safety of tens of thousands of users. Moreover, considerable health improvements.



ABSTRACT

Deploying Internet of Things (IoT) in our cities will enable them to become smarter, thanks to the connection of everything everywhere, such as smart meters, street lighting, trash bin sensors, parking areas. However, a centralized-architecture approach, where all sensors and actuators send and receive data from the cloud, is not sustainable in terms of both the amount of data flooding from sensors to the cloud and the energy required to keep all these sensors alive. This is particularly true in the field of vision sensors, where the amount of data to be handled and transmitted can be high, while the real information we are interested in is possibly less ’’bulky” (e.g. a classification category or a feature). Data reduction is therefore desirable at the node level. This paper evaluates  the use of a smart sensor, the FORENSOR sensor, which embeds motion detection in hardware, in a classification scenario. We achieve 87% accuracy, and we demonstrate the advantages of our sensor w.r.t. frame-difference based ones. We discuss the classification algorithm chosen and we present the estimation of the power consumption, proving that the overall system consumes less than 2mW, thus being adequate for an IoT scenario.



ABSTRACT

With the capabilities and autonomy of smart watches constantly increasing, there is the need for introducing applications which can exploit their full potential, establishing the use of smart watches in our daily routine. The field of personal safety and security provides an excellent basis over which applications can be developed, enabling the use of wrist worn devices as tools for easy, discreet and efficient reporting of incidents or suspicious behavior. However, current practices in report creation using smart watches rely on methods and interfaces, such as taking pictures and writing text, without taking into account gesture-based input. In this paper, we present the design a smart watch-based approach, which utilizes a Deep Learning model, to recognize specific user gestures that could result in reporting hazardous situations and could alert the authorities for assistance. We evaluated the performance of the model by training it to distinguish 5 predefined gestures from a set of random gestures performed by 9 subjects wearing a smart watch on their dominant arm. Our Deep Learning model surpasses the performance of conventional classifiers that rely on hand-crafted features and produced gesture recognition accuracies above 98% in 26,061 motion signal samples by fusing the automatically extracted features of 3-axial accelerometer signals. We conclude by discussing the related issues we have encountered by using the proposed application in real-time use and providing future directions.



ABSTRACT

Stress eating, i.e., overeating due to stress, is one of the reasons for obesity. Chronic stress releases the hormone cortisol which increases the appetite levels of a person. Initial onset of stress causes a temporary loss of appetite but chronic stress leads to the development of addiction and/or cravings for ’comfort foods’ that are calorific values. Chronic stress, uncontrolled or unmonitored food consumption, and obesity are intricately connected, even involving certain neurological adaptations. We propose a system which helps in identifying stress eating compared to normal eating. It allows the users to make a choice between two proposed methods for monitoring food intake: wearable and non-wearable. These methods take the log of food consumed by the user, calculate the calorie counts and notify the user about the eating behavior with an accuracy of 97%.



ABSTRACT

LPG is widely used for cooking in many countries for economic reasons, for convenience or because it is the preferred fuel source. This paper focuses on the application of the IoT which is used for measuring and displaying the gasoline content present in household LPG cylinder and this is helpful in automatic booking of new LPG cylinder and also detect the gas leakage. Usually the capacity of LPG in Cylinder is not determined, so we are going to display the level of LPG. The level of LPG is measured using load sensor (SEN-10245). The output of the sensor is connected with Arduino R3.By use of GSM Module, the information is sent to user by SMS (short messaging service) and also automatic booking is done by dialing the registered gas booking number. Then the gas leakage is detected by gas sensor (MQ-6). By using this, we can detect the current LPG level and it is continuously displayed on the LCD. We can know the validity of LPG usage from the date of initialization. By use of IOT the user is alerted by giving the message to their mobile phone when the LPG level is critically low(below 20%).Automatic booking of new LPG by auto dialing of gas booking number and by this we prevent pre-booking and late booking. Then by detecting the gas leakage we can prevent the LPG gas burst accidents in the home



ABSTRACT

Designing connected objects or introducing them in industry processes is complex because it requires many skills. These skills can be found in different places. Research labs are studying advanced topics and can provide focused expertise. Some projects offer a shared infrastructure to elaborate and test new products and algorithms. Some organizations provide guidance and technological advice. The Fab-IoT-Lab project brings all these skills and competencies in a single place so that entrepreneurs and industries can benefit from the strengths of these existing structures without sacrificing the high-level, multidisciplinary point of view.



ABSTRACT

Advancement in IoT based application has become the state-of-the art technology among the researcher due to the availability of Internet everywhere. To make the application more user friendly, web based and android based technologies have gained their importance in this cutting edge technology. In this paper, smart energy efficient home automation system is proposed that can access and control the home equipments from every corner of the world. For this system, Internet connectivity module is attached to the main supply unit of the home system which can be accessed through the Internet. For wireless connectivity, the static IP address is used. Home automation is based on multimodal application hat can be operated using voice recognition command of the user using the Google Assistant or through a web based application. Thus, main objective of this work is to make our home automation system more secure and intelligent.



ABSTRACT

The paper presents the first results of the ongoing INTER-Health pilot coming out from the application of the strategy proposed and developed within the framework of the INTER-IoT (Horizon 2020) European project. The novel IoTbased healthcare platform, supporting decentralized and mobile monitoring of assisted livings in highly heterogeneous contexts, has been obtained by integrating other existing heterogeneous, non-interoperable IoT platforms following the INTER-IoT approach to provide value added assisted living mobile healthcare services (respect to the standard “manual” monitoring performed by conventional healthcare centers) in terms of faster detection and correction of wrong lifestyles or high risk critical situations. All the interoperability aspects and technological choices have been presented to discuss the ease of such integration process, also making easier and faster the interaction between doctor and patient drasticallyreducing the dropout rate of people leaving the pilot.



ABSTRACT

Internet of Things (IOT) facilitates the interdependence between intelligent machines, people and the data. IoT has already been leveraged by many industries and it will be extensively used very soon. Automated emergency alertsystem is one such application which can commercially scale and can achieve high operating efficiency when integrated with IoT. In this paper, an end-to-end architecture of an intruder alert system has been proposed. The proposed work uses MQTT protocol and web development tools like MEAN. The merits of using these protocols over other protocols and tools in resource constrained IoT applications were discussed. Finally, the real-time implementation of the proposed architecture has been demonstrated.



ABSTRACT

Many people feed the pet fish in the aquarium tanks that need to be properly set up and maintained, or the fish will be destined to unpleasant and short life. Therefore it is critical to monitor water conditions closely and improve the water quality for the mini aquarium tanks. Based on an IoT solution called IoTtalk, this paper proposes the FishTalk system that utilizes the aquarium sensors to drive the actuators in real time. We describe the relationship between aquarium sensors and the actuators, and give concrete examples about threshold setting. Our solution allows the designer to quickly deploy intelligent control for various water conditions. As an example we implement an intelligent fish feeding mechanism such that the fish are neither over nor under fed, and at the same time, the fish owner can enjoy watching fish feeding remotely. We have also developed analytic model, simulation and measurement experiments to investigate the effects of IoT message delays and loss on water condition control.



ABSTRACT

In the advancing world, it is very crucial to protect our environment. Many incidents of man-made and natural disasters were happening around the world. Forest fires are one such catastrophe for environment. Once the fire inside deep forest starts, it burns and destroys everything and spreads everywhere within the forest. Fire spreads on hot days destroys trees and grasses due to drought conditions peaks in a forest region. Such forest fires disasters should be curbed in order to protect fauna and flora habitats in the forest. The objective of this work is to design and implement an IoT based system which is self-sustaining and would predict and detect the forest fires and sends the exact location to concerned officials which would help fire fighting personnel to extinguish the fire in the location where it starts slowly. This would prevent the fire to spread over a huge area and also able to take precautionary measures in order to prevent the fire which may occur in near future.



ABSTRACT

Internet of Things (IoT) have revolutionized the entire way in which the industry operates. The authenticity and entry access to certain places of the industry plays a crucial role in maintaining the secrecy of the operations. Therefore providing limited access to such confidential places proves to be seemingly vital. The proposed work provides a dual security mechanism against unauthorized entry and hence enhances the integrity of the system. This system thus eradicates the common security threats such as Spoofing, Repudiation and trafficking from evaders especially in the current scenario of industry 4.0. This system uses two techniques for the controlled access. One via a fingerprint access that utilizes the raspberry pi3 and a biometric database system for control. This method is a thorough hardware based solution and could be utilized when there is a physical presence of a person. In case if the authenticator is not available in the arena, the alternate mechanism would be followed to provide a secured access authenticity through Virtual Point Network (VPN) & IoT. The utility of VPN facilitates the personnel to prove his / her credentials from any remote location. Thus this dual mode system provides a highly credential entry / exit system in an industrial arena.



ABSTRACT

Digital signage is evolving to smart signage which provides personalized service by adaptively changing contents according to the user context. However, previous smart signage services have difficulty to expend their service because it is not easy to connect additional sensing devices. Furthermore, previous smart signage systems only consider single signage for a service. In this paper, we propose IoT based smart signage platform. The proposed platform provides IoT based connectivity between sensors and signage platform for flexible service extension. Also, we suggest IoT based signage connection, status sensing, and controlling. Therefore, our platform can make a service group of siganges dynamically and enables signages to collaborate for a service in wide area. To show the performance of proposed platform, we implemented smart nursing home service. The service shows that IoT devices and signages can be connected to the platform dynamically and collaborate together for a service in wide area.



ABSTRACT

This paper presents a method to build an IoT based automated surveillance system to capture the registration number of vehicles and to alert nearest traffic police in case of any default. Defaults imply any pending fines, pending cases and violation of emission norms. This surveillance also helps in efficient search of stolen cars. This methodology can be incorporated at toll gates to ease the vehicle movement. Based on live traffic, a smart algorithm will change timer of the signal and move the divider based on the traffic congestion.



ABSTRACT

For building smart cities there is requirement of such a smart system which monitors. The dustbin and provides its real time status. In present scenario Municipal Corporations in India doesn’t get real time information about the Dustbins. In this concern, we are implementing a system based on Internet of Things (IoT) that can send a message to corporation about the overflow and Toxicity level of the dustbins. A website is also developed to supervise the data related to the Dustbins. Message is sent using GSM module to themobile phone and data related to the dustbin status is Updated on the website. At this website citizens can also submit complaints related to dustbin or waste Management. In recommended system, Arduino is used as a microcontroller to interface betweenGSM/GPRS module with sensors. Ultrasonic sensor and gas sensor are used for measurement of dustbin Level and toxicity respectively.



ABSTRACT

Automatic vehicle monitoring has turned out to be a very crucial scenario in the current years. It may develop into possibility by executing the following technologies. This project targets to propose a system, which detects speeding vehicles over a specific speed limit and immediately report to concerned authorities. At present, road accidents rates have raised so, there is a necessity for developing a system that detects an over speeding vehicle. The implementation of present Smart Vehicle Overspeeding Detector using Internet of Things determines all the road traffic information automatically with intelligence. The smart vehicles are suitable with overspeeding detector that has capability for recording, storing and information sharing about the vehicle’s speed. The system contains GPS module, Radar, Google maps and IoT module. The safe regions are identified automatically using GPS and IoT technologies. Electronic tracking device runs in 12 V lithium batteries with network of GPS sensing and IoT implementation. The battery life of this device is range from 5-10 hours. A smart vehicle overspeeding sensor is employed and is combined with IoT in order to decrease the vehicle’s speed at particular places like accident prone zones. If this smart sensor technology is used the safety parameters, then avoidance of accidents may be attained. The system sends the data wirelessly. If the overspeeding vehicle is detected, then the sensor alerts by sounding an alarm. The purpose of the proposed sensor is to decrease high death rates because of accidents in Middle East countries and in Oman.



ABSTRACT

Here we present some aspects regarding wearable devices (sensors) used for biomedical heart activity, temperature and humidity using cloud-computing services. The Internet of Things (IoT) has the objective to connect objects (electronic devices) in order to store and improve data accessibility in the worldwide. In the IoT industry, Google and Samsung dominate the market for connected objects and wearable devices. The cloud computing service used enables the linkage of the sensors (heart rate, pulse rate and moisture) data to the cloud and allows data delivery from machine-automated systems for storage, visualization, and analysis.



ABSTRACT

This study investigates the implementation of an integrated system of Internet of Things based Wetting front detector (IOT-WFD) for efficient irrigation management in high value crops with different root zone layer. The results of this study point that the IOT-WFD is an approved technology for irrigation management with real-time monitoring. Confirmation of positive results from this implemented summary has been Provided.



ABSTRACT

Since the Internet-of-Things (IoT) has been introduced, it is considered as one of the emerging technologies providing great opportunities to many vertical industries. One of the major IoT application areas that gets significant attention is Smart City. Since it is unrealistic to expect full convergence toward a single IoT platform in the near future, it is mandatory to enable interworking between different platforms based on multiple standards, coexisting in the emerging Smart Cities. In this paper, we take the example of two global IoT standards, FIWARE and oneM2M, which are actively used in many Smart City projects, and analyze them to show the feasibility of IoT platforms interworking. Based on the analysis, we design and implement a novel IoT interworking architecture providing a semantic driven integration framework suitable for Smart City. The core idea behind our approach is to introduce interworking proxies that (1) conduct a static mapping of sensor information between IoT platforms; (2) perform semantic interoperability using semantically annotated resources via a semantic interworking proxy that dynamically discovers new kinds of information and adapts itself to enable automatic translation of semantic data between given source and target IoT platforms while it is running. We present the system based on these proxies and evaluate it in Santander Smart City. The results demonstrate that it is able to discover and manage IoT sensors connected to both oneM2M and FIWARE. It appears that the semantic approach provides the flexibility and dynamic adaptivity needed for fast growing rapidly changing urban environment.



ABSTRACT

Scheduling plays a vital role in real time embedded systems to prepare a schedule dynamically and share resources effectively. The scheduling algorithms involve priorities in mixed fashion depending on hard and soft deadlines. Real time scheduling systems basically depends on logical computation and time of the results produced. Multitasking involves parallel execution of request and response based on the scheduling algorithm. It brings automation in many areas with reference to performance parameters like reliability and sensitivity. The major use of scheduling is Effective utilization of resources and avoiding task conflicts. In the proposed work the concept of Scheduling in real time systems is applied in transportation system application for efficient service and effective utilization of resources. One of the best transportation system in the world is railways, however in present days this transport service is under pressure due to mismanagement of operations resulting in customer complaints and  long waiting list of passengers. The proposed system is used to accommodate the passengers based on the request and resource availability. In this work Internet of Things (IoT) based smart phone application system is designed to introduce automation in addressing the emergency service to the passenger requests in the moving train. The proposed system consists of raspberry pi as a server for maintaining the database and provides wireless communication between the passenger and the ticket collector of train. The aim of this work is to help passengers to have safe and comfortable journey in the train. The user interface designed in each compartment is used to send the request from the passenger to the train employee for allocating the seat in the train in emergency situations. On the request received from the passenger the response is given depending on the resource list loaded in the server. The fair distribution of the seat to the passengers is scheduled using composite scheduling for multitask (CSM) algorithm based on database resource list. The algorithm defines the task priority as its own unique priority level for every task and assign the same priority to the multiple tasks if more number of tasks are introduced in scheduling then they are either time sliced or work round robin fashion. The results obtained in the proposed work justify the performance parameters in real time for the algorithm used.



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#1, 2nd Floor, Namratha Complex, Near Saraswathi Theatre, Kamakshi Hospital Road, Saraswathipuram, Mysore-570009.

IEEEProjectz Mangalore:
#32, 1st Floor, Near Westline Signature, Nanthoor, Kadri, Mangalore-575005.

IEEEProjectz Hassan:
#87, 3rd Floor, Above SBI ATM, Near Mission Hospital, RC Road, Hassan-573201.